Heroes of Kashmir: Akhtar Mohiuddin

Zahir-Ud-DinHeroes of Kashmir Comments

A well-known name in Kashmir, Akhtar Mohi-ud-Din was an institution in his own person – a powerful fiction-writer, poet, historian, human rights activist and statesman. In his life and work, he achieved what many others would regard as stuff that dreams are made of.

He worked in various capacities during his distinguished career as a public servant, but official compulsions not withstanding Akhtar always expressed himself freely and fearlessly.

His novel, Jahannamuk Panun Panun Naar was dedicated to the first Kashmiri who would take up arms to set “this moth-eaten society” right.

The novel was written in February 1975, a significant period in Kashmir history when Sheikh Muhammad Abdullah became the Chief Minister of the state after signing what has come to be known as the Indira-Abdullah Accord.

Opposing the Sheikh at that time was not easy, and could have proved fatal. Street-toughs of the National Conference were always on the prowl, but Akhtar was not scared.

In 1975, he knew that it would not be long before Kashmiris resorted to guns, and saw it happen barely twelve years later.

The armed struggle began in Kashmir, and he lost his son, Muhammad Yusuf, and son-in-law, Ahmadullah Reshi, who fell to the bullets of unscrupulous elements.

He had been awarded the Padma Shri in 1968, but when the Government of India hanged Muhammad Maqbool Bhat in Delhi’s Tihar Jail on February 11, 1984, he returned the award in protest.

Earlier, he had launched a campaign to save Maqbool.

When the courts pronounced Maqbool’s death sentence, Akhtar issued strong statements in Srinagar-based newspapers urging the Government of India not to carry it out.

“Gandhi Ji’s India will not gain anything by hanging Maqbool Bhat,” one of them read.

Akhtar Mohi-ud-Din was one of the few poets in Kashmir who identified themselves with the Kashmir movement. He worked on human rights in the early 1990s when the armed struggle was at peak and when human rights violations were rampant.

His colleagues – Noor-ul-Hasan, Zareef Ahmad Zareef and others – would visit different areas and document rights violations, and meet journalists, diplomats and people from other walks of life to tell the Kashmir story.

Akhtar portrayed the feelings of Kashmiris in poetry as well as in prose. In his book Seven One Nine Seven Nine (71979), he depicts their miserable plight.

His Jalli Huend Dandphel (Jalli’s Broken Teeth), a work of fiction, is about a young woman proud of her MA, LL B.

One day, during curfew, she comes down to the deserted lane by her house and requests an army officer to allow her aged father to cross to the other side.

Impressed by her beauty, the officer allows the frail, elderly man across.

But shortly after returning inside, Jalli hears her father’s screams.

Rushing down, she sees another officer beating him ruthlessly.

Flaming with anger, Jalli argues with the military man.

Next morning, when the curfew is lifted for some time, locals see the father weeping in the lane while gathering his daughter’s broken teeth.

In another evocative piece, Aatankwadi (Terrorist), a child comes out when a military patrol is passing through his area, and asks the officer to let him hold his gun.

“Sala Terrorist,” the officer mutters, and walks away.

Akhtar conveys that Indian soldiers regard every Kashmiri as a terrorist.

He had dedicated the book to his son, son-in-law and all those killed in torture chambers.

Born in Batmaloo on April 7, 1928, Akhtar passed away on May 22, 2001, and was living at Lal Bazaar at the time of his death.

He has over a score of publications to his credit.

About the Author


Zahir-Ud-Din is a founding member of the Jammu Kashmir Coalition of Civil Society. He's also a senior journalist and an author of numerous publications.